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Agricultural workers constitute the most neglected class in the Indian rural structure. Their income is low and employment irregular. They are not organized because they are scatted across the country in 5.6 lakh villages1.

Agricultural Labour Enquiry Committee defined agricultural labour as a person who, for more than half of the total number of days, worked as an agricultural labour. An agricultural labour may be the small or marginal farmer or an artisan, but when a person derives his main earning by doing some agricultural work on others farm is called an agricultural labour2.